Burkina Faso – Quick Facts


Geography

  • Area: 274,200 sq. km. (106,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Colorado.
  • Cities: Capital–Ouagadougou (pop. 1.4 million). Other cities–Bobo-Dioulasso (490,000), Koudougou (88,000).
  • Terrain: Savanna; brushy plains and scattered hills.
  • Climate: Sahelian; pronounced wet and dry seasons.

People

  • Nationality: Burkinabé
  • Population (2008): 15.264 million.
  • Annual growth rate (2008): 3.1%.
  • Ethnic groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost half of the total population), Bobo, Mande, Lobi, Fulani, Gourounsi, and Senufo.
  • Religions: Traditional beliefs 20%, Muslim 55%, Christian 25%.
  • Languages: French (official), Moore, Dioula, others.
  • Education: Literacy (2009)–26%.
  • Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)–86.02/1,000. Life expectancy (2008)–52 years.
  • Work force: Agriculture–90%; industry–2.1%; commerce, services, and government–5.5%.

Economy

  • GDP (2009): $6.3 billion.
  • Annual growth rate (2009): 3.1%.
  • Per capita income (2008): $440.
  • Avg. inflation rate (2008): 10.4%.
  • Natural resources: Manganese, gold, limestone, marble, phosphate, zinc, uranium.
  • Agriculture (37% of GDP): Products–cotton, millet, sorghum, rice, livestock, peanuts, shea nuts, maize.
  • Industry (24% of GDP): Type–mining, agricultural processing plants, brewing and bottling, light industry.
  • Trade (2007): Exports–$404 million: cotton, gold, livestock, peanuts, shea nut products. Major markets–China, Singapore, Thailand, Ghana, Niger. Imports–$783 million.
  • Official exchange rate: Fixed to the euro. Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) francs 656=1 euro (2003: approx. CFA francs 579=U.S. $1; 2005: CFA francs 534=U.S. $1; 2009: approx 451 CFA francs= U.S. $1).

Government

  • Type: Republic.
  • Independence: August 5, 1960.
  • Constitution: June 11, 1991.
  • Branches: Executive–president (head of state and Council of Ministers) prime minister (head of government). Legislative–one chamber. Judiciary–independent.
  • Subdivisions: 13 regions, 45 provinces, 351 communes.
  • Political parties: Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), Alliance for Democracy Federation/ African Democratic Assembly (ADF/RDA), Unity for the Renaissance/Sankarist Party (UNIR/PS), Unity for the Republic (UPR), Convention of Democratic Forces of Burkina (CFD/B), and numerous other small opposition parties.
  • Suffrage: Direct universal.
  • Government budget (2010): $2.4 billion.
  • Defense: 5.5% of government budget.
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